After Cain brutally murdered Abel due to jealousy, he was cursed for life and banned from his profession, farming. This story has been widely spread around the world under the name of “The First Death”. However, humans have come a long way and have arguably matured, but was it in the right way? In the UK alone, 746,219 adults experienced domestic-abuse related crimes, (as of March 2019) a 24% increase from the year before. Are we heading in the right way? Are crimes uncontrollably increasing?

The Oxford English Dictionary defines crime as “An action or omission which constitutes an offence and is punishable by law”. In simpler words, a criminal is someone who performs an illegal act which gives the government authority to punish them. Anyone seen breaking the law is either jailed or fined depending on the severity of the incident. For example, a murderer spends an average amount of 16years in prison whereas a £5,000 bill could be charged for graffiti, which would cover the cost of the damage.

These crimes are mostly committed by the younger generation of society, males and the ones who live or often commute to urban areas. Most crime is committed by criminals aged 21 to 25 for males and 26 to 30 for females. Joining gangs at low ages, teenagers develop certain attitudes related with violence and with little to none support from their parents, they look up to their gang members. Secondly, closely linked with gangs, children getting bullied often face peer pressure from the elders in their school. Being obedient to the bullies, they trap themselves into a phase where they cannot escape the trouble they’ve already fallen into.

So why is the criminal count still rising, bearing in mind these life destroying punishments? Many relate criminal activity with poverty, religion, drugs, gangs and many other things. In the early 2000s, it was initially believed that genetics played a major role to the increasing number of male criminals. Men were seen as stronger, more aggressive and likely to get jealous. However, over the years, reasons changed and genetics was seen as an irrelevant theory. Crime is mostly committed by younger’s who come from poverty. An experiment was led my University of Manchester where they analysed 21,267 patients in hospital with self-harm and violent crime issues who were all aged between 15 and 33. The research showed that wealthy families were the least likely to commit violent crime. Shockingly, those individuals from the middle to low class were seven times more likely to do that. Professor Webb said, “Exposure to poverty can have an adverse impact on early child development as well as parental conflict and separation, harming children’s psychosocial development and well-being.” Adding,” This study casts new light on our understanding of the deep-rooted causes of self-harm and violent behaviour. Though to some extent, we all make choices, what children go through does have a powerful effect on these harmful behaviours.” 

What’s being done about this? In the upcoming election in December 2019, if elected, the Liberal Democrats has mention that they will invest £1billion in community policing and aid the criminals by helping them get out of violence as opposed to “wasting money locking people up on short sentences that don’t work”. An extra 2,000 prison officers would form increasing security and an immediate 2% pay raise for police officers. Criminal numbers are still rising, but we need to do something before it gets out of hand.