The necessity of exams in educational systems is a controversial topic of discussion among students and parents. Many argue that exams serve as a vital tool for assessing students' understanding of course material, providing feedback to both students and instructors, and motivating students to study and retain information. Moreover, exams are often seen as a means of standardising evaluation across a large student population and preparing students for future academic or professional tasks.


However, critics of exams raise valid concerns about their efficacy and fairness. One common criticism is that exams place undue stress on students, leading to anxiety and poor mental health outcomes. This stress can sometimes outweigh any benefits gained from the exam experience. Additionally, exams may not accurately reflect a student's true abilities or understanding of a subject, as they often prioritise memorization over critical thinking and creativity and therefore don’t really incorporate the practical side of a subject.


Despite these criticisms, exams remain a ubiquitous feature of education systems worldwide. However, there is growing recognition of the need to complement traditional exams with alternative assessment methods ( such as more practical assessments) that better align with modern educational goals. These methods may include project-based assessments, portfolios, presentations, or collaborative problem-solving tasks. By enhancing assessment strategies, teachers can better capture the complexity of students' learning experiences and provide a more accurate presentation of their student’s abilities. 


In conclusion, while exams have long been a fundamental part of education, their effectiveness is increasingly being called into question. While exams can serve a valuable purpose in assessing student learning, it is essential to recognise their limitations and explore alternative assessment methods that promote deeper understanding and allow students to showcase creativity.